Thursday, January 24, 2013

Jackfruit - Artocarpus heterophyllus

The jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus is an enormous, bristle, egg-shaped fruit that have been first nurtured in Indian tropical forest. it is mostly grown in tropical climates. The tree is striking and majestic, 9-21 m tall, with rubbery leaves 22.5 cm long. Almost all the parts of the tree secrete sticky latex like milk (juice) when injured.

jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus
The fruit varies widely in size, weigh from 3 to 30 kg, and has a round shape measuring 10 cm to 60 cm in length, 25 to 75 cm in diameter. The immature fruits are green; when ripen, might turn to light brown color and spread a strong sweet, fruity smell. Its outer surface is covered with the blunt spikes like projections, which become soft as the fruit ripe. Its interior consists of orange-yellow tinted edible bulbs. Each bulb consists of sweet-flavored coverings that encircle a smooth, oval, light-brown color seed.

outer surface is covered with the blunt spikes like projections
Jackfruit seed is 2 to 4 cm long and 1 to 3 cm thick and is white and crisp within. There may be as many as 100 to 500 edible bulbs rooted in a single fruit interspersed between thin bands of fibers. Jackfruit seeds are indeed very rich in protein and nutritious. In general, the seeds are gathered from the ripe fruit, sun-dried and stored for use in rainy season in many parts of South Indian states. Different variety of recipes prepared in Southern India where they are eaten either by roasting as a snack or added to curries in place of lentils.

The leaf
The ripe fruit

The separated ripe fruits, with seeds, without seeds, and seeds


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